Glossary & Terminology

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Disinfection

The process of killing bacteria and other micro organisms in water.

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Dissolved solids

Particles that have dissolved in water and are in solution.

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Distillate

Water that has been vaporized by boiling and then returned to liquid form.

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Distillation

The process of boiling water, capturing the steam, and cooling it so that purified water is produced.

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Effluent

The water now that exits from a device or system.

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Feed, feed water

A solution that enters a device or system for a specific purpose, as in a chlorine feeder.

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Filtrate

In a treatment device, the water flow after it has passed through a filter or membrane.

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Finished water

Water that has been improved by a water treatment plant and is ready to be delivered to customers.

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Flocculent

A substance that is added to water to make particles clump together in order to achieve better filtration.

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Giardia

A micro organism that occurs in water in the form of cysts; a cause of gastrointestinal disorders.

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